|The Unfinished: Indian Stone Carvers at Work, Delhi: Roli Books, 2015. With Peter Rockwell on an NEH Collaborative Fellowship.|
|The Body Adorned: Dissolving Boundaries between Sacred and Profane in India’s Art,
Columbia University Press, New York & Mapin Publications, India, 2009.
|Delight in Design: Indian Silver for the Raj, Mapin Publications, India, 2008.|
|Chola. Sacred Bronzes of Southern India. London: Royal Academy of Arts, 2006. Catalogue essay “Beauty and the Body of God,” and all Catalogue entries.|
|The Sensuous and the Sacred: Chola Bronzes from South India, New York: The American Federation of Arts, 2002.|
|India through the Lens: Photography 1840 – 1911, Washington D.C., Ahmedabad,
Cologne: Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Mapin Publishing, Prestel
|Devi, The Great Goddess: Female Divinity in South Asian Art, Washington D.C.,
Ahmedabad, Cologne: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Mapin Publishing, Prestel Verlag, 1999.
|Indian Art. Art and Ideas. London: Phaidon, 1997, 1998, 2000, 2002. Japanese and Greek editions
issued; French and German editions forthcoming.
|Ed. Representing the Body: Gender Issues in Indian Art. New Delhi: Kali for Women, 1997.|
|Discourse in Early Buddhist Art: Visual Narratives of India. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, 1997.|
|Ed. Unseen Presence: The Buddha and Sanchi, Bombay: Marg Publications, 1996.|
|Ed. The Legend of Rama: Artistic Visions, Bombay: Marg Publications, 1994|
|Art of the Imperial Cholas. (The Polsky lectures for 1987). New York: Columbia University Press, 1990.|
|Antal and her Path of Love: Poems of a Woman Saint from South India. Albany: SUNY Press, 1990.|
|Slaves of the Lord: The Path of the Tamil Saints. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal, 1988.|
|Ed. Royal Patrons and Great Temple Art. Bombay: Marg Publications, 1988.|
|“Impossible Picturesqueness.” Edward Lear’s Indian Watercolors. 1873–1875. New York:
Columbia University Press, 1988.
|Yogini Cult and Temples. A Tantric Tradition. New Delhi: The National Museum, 1986.|
|With Pratapaditya Pal. From Merchants to Emperors: British Artists and India 1757–1930. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1986.|
|Early Stone Temples of Orissa. Durham, North Carolina: Carolina Academic Press, 1979.|
|Looking Again at Indian Art. New Delhi: Publications Division, Government of India, 1978.|
|Things of Beauty. New Delhi: Publications Division, Government of India, 1979. [A book on Indian art for children, to mark the International Year of the Child.]|
|Living and Dying: An Enquiry into the Enigma of Life after Death. New Delhi: Vikas Publishers, 1979.|
|Early Buddhist Rock Temples. London: Thames & Hudson, London, 1972.|
|Namakkal Caves. Madras: Tamil Nadu State Department of Archaeology, 1968.|